Information on Horseshoes For Foundered Horses in Mississippi
Types of Horseshoes - Knowing the Different Kinds of Horseshoes
Who can shoe Horses?
There is a misconception that blacksmiths shoe horses - they don't. Blacksmiths work with iron, but may never come into contact with horses. Blacksmiths can shoe horses if they have also had training to become a farrier. The profession of farriers is a very old one, established in 1356, during the reign of Edward III. The formal description of a farrier's work is 'any work in connection with the preparation or treatment of the foot of a horse for the immediate reception of a shoe thereon, the fitting by nailing or otherwise of a shoe to the foot, or the finishing off of such work to the foot'. The blacksmith might make the shoe, the farrier will fit it. It's a bit more complicated though, as the farrier also needs to have training as a blacksmith to make or modify the shoes correctly.
To put a horse shoe on a horse you need to be properly trained - it is not enough simply to have a horse shoe of the right size, you need to understand the horse's hoof and his conformation and how his feet are affecting the way he moves. Domesticated horses need regular attendance from the farrier.
The farrier's tools and apron have remained virtually the same since the 14th century, the only difference nowadays is that horses don't normally go to the forge to be shod. The 'forge' is more usually a portable gas oven which means the farrier can travel to the horse.
Shoeing a horse takes expertise and knowledge. To become a farrier you must serve an apprenticeship of just over four years.
Shoeing a Horse
The first step is to straighten the clenches - these are the pieces of nail bent over the side of the hoof wall. They are straightened with a buffer and hammer. The shoe can then be levered off using pincers.
Next the surface of the hoof is levelled off using a rasp. Horses hooves grow like our fingernails, so the excess growth has to be trimmed off with hoof cutters. A drawing knife is finally used to tidy up the ragged pieces of the sole and frog. This does not hurt the horse at all - it's just like having our nails trimmed. The hoof is now prepared for the shoe.
Shoeing can either be hot or cold. Precise measurements need to be taken and the shoe normally shaped off site with cold shoeing. As only very slight adjustments can be made to a cold shoe, hot shoeing is more common and more versatile. The farrier either carries a range of horse shoes in various sizes, or straight pieces that can be shaped to the foot. With hot shoeing the shoe can be very precisely shaped to the foot.
Firstly the shoe will be placed in the forge until the metal glows red hot. Using a pritchel the hot shoe is held against the surface of the hoof. When you watch this for the first time it is quite dramatic, as hot smoke and steam rises from the shoe and the air is full of the smell of burning. But the horse can feel nothing. The slight burning marks left on the foot will show where alterations need to be made, and the farrier will remove the shoe and shape it over an anvil. The process will be repeated until the farrier is happy with the fit. Once the farrier is happy the horse shoe will be quenched (immersed) in a bucket of cold water.
Now the shoe is ready to be nailed onto the horse's foot. Normally seven nails are used, but the condition of the hoof will dictate how many are needed. The nail is driven in so that it slants towards the outside leaving part of the nail sticking outside the wall of the hoof. The excess nail is cut of, and the sharp point smoothed down with a rasp. The nail is then bent over to make a clench.
The whole process is repeated for each of the four hooves. Assuming the horse hasn't lost a shoe in the meantime, the farrier will revisit in about six weeks to replace the set of shoes.
Why do Horses wear Shoes?
So why do we shoe horses? In the wild horses move on continuously to find fresh pasture and go over a variety of terrains and surfaces in his hunt for food. This naturally keeps the horses hooves down to a smooth, hard and even state. Our domesticated horses walk around less, and their feet do not have the same opportunity to harden. Nutrients such as carotene are essential to healthy hooves, and carotene is found in far higher amounts in live vegetation, rather than in processed or dried food. Our horses also are asked to do more - they are ridden or driven - which means their legs and feet are more weight bearing then they would be in the wild!
When were Horses First Shod?
As horses hooves are delicate, and people depended on them people as far back as Ancient Asia wrapped hooves in rawhide and leather.
The Romans were the first people who used a combination of leather and metal to shoe their horses so they would be able to travel further on the roman roads. Metal shoes as we know them appeared in Europe in around the 6th or 7th century. Hot shoeing became common in the 15th Century.
Looking after your Horse's Feet Today
A horse in regular work also needs to have his feet checked regularly otherwise the hoof will grow large, long and fragile, and cracks may appear. If his hoof gets misshapen his legs may become damaged if he walks abnormally - not only will this be uncomfortable for him, he won't be able to be ridden.
Even horses which are turned out without being worked need to have their hooves checked and trimmed regularly.
Normally horses need shoeing every six weeks, and arrangements should be made for a farrier to attend at this interval. Sometimes shoes which have not been worn down too far can be re-used and replaced after the hooves are trimmed. Some hooves grow at different rates depending on the time of year - fresh spring grass can cause a growth spurt.
# 1 – What are Nanoflex Horseshoes, and how do they function?
Nanoflex Horseshoes are a shapable polyurethane straight glue on shoe that resembles the natural make-up as well as put on qualities of the hoof. Our footwear are commonly used in performance and also restorative situations as an alternative application with horses that become unresponsive to conventional shoeing techniques.
With their capability to resemble the technician residential or commercial properties of the foot – Nanoflex Horseshoes boost the feature of the hoof, instead of limiting it. This commonly leads to a much more comfortable equine with healthier development.
# 2 – What are the benefits of Nanoflex shoes?
Nanoflex footwear supply several advantages for the steed. Most typically, we listen to customers describing the shoes ability to operate as an all-natural extension of the unguis as the most desirable attribute. The direct glue application together with the shoe’s composition are thought to preserve the regular hoof features of assistance, traction, shock absorption as well as proprioception by bending with the unguis.
In our opinion, traditional adhesive on footwear over long term use tend to reverse the preliminary benefits attained because of the casting nature of an inflexible footwear. In contrast, our observations have found Nanoflex shoes to be successful for long term use and also appear to produce much healthier horn development.
# 3 – How much time will the Nanoflex shoes last?
Nanoflex Horseshoes are created to have the same or comparable life expectancy as typical footwear. We advise shoeing your horse according to the ordinary cycle of 4-6 weeks, based on their personal demands.
# 4 – Are Nanoflex footwear much more costly than conventional shoes?
Yes. The moment it takes to produce our shoes, in addition to the materials as well as craftsmanship required for the application procedure makes Nanoflex Horseshoes a true investment.
# 5 – What makes an equine an excellent prospect for Nanoflex horseshoes?
Under our “Shoes” tab, you will certainly find “Selecting A Candidate” alternative in the drop down menu. If you see this web page you will certainly find a comprehensive description of the 4 main factors we take into consideration before determining if a horse is a Nanoflex prospect.
Name: John Filipelli
Organization: Nanoflex, Inc.
Address: South Florida Trotting Center: 7563 State Road 7, Lake Worth FL 33449, USA
Phone: (954) 857-6337
Find Horseshoes For Foundered Horses in the State of Mississippi
Where to find information about Horseshoes For Foundered Horses in Mississippi
Types of Horseshoes - Knowing the Different Kinds of Horseshoes
There are a lot of blogs on horseshoeing on the internet. What typically takes place on the blogs is quite a bit of arguing, it's as if the industry itself can not come to terms with each other. It's whether or not horses should only go barefoot or whether they should be shod. It's whether or not this style over that style of shoeing is correct compared to the other. Obviously there is a reason for the differences. The industry still struggles for the truth.
One particular blog post was all about a negative opinion of the Natural Balance shoe. The Natural Balance shoe was developed with many aspects of shoeing taken together as a whole. 1. The shoe has wide side bars which help protect the sensitive sole of the horse. 2. The toe of the shoe is rather square which helps stabilize the foot going forward on the ground (travel). The toe area of the shoe also has a very wide web which protects the most subject area to soreness of the foot after trimming - the toe. And finally the shoe has a built in rocker at the toe to aid break over thereby reducing stresses within the fetlock joints and coffin.
It's all about education. The blog posters negative remarks about natural balance shoes were that the square toe showed a wear pattern that was directly across the outside square point of the shoe rather than directly center of the square toe. The argument was the horse had to walk on this "Point" of the shoe which would have no stability until the horse wore the point off the shoe during use. The blog poster is actually moving in the right direction of discovering for him self more truth about shoeing by recognizing wear patterns of shoes. Of course wear pattern is something that should be observed. He was being astute.
However, this is where the lack of education of the poster making the remark starts. It's not a problem of the shoe if the wear pattern is diagonal rather than straight. The problem lies with the horse being Pigeon Toed. The problem with the blog poster assuming he or she was a farrier is that he or she does not know how to correct a pigeon toed foot. With more education and a deeper understanding of horse anatomy and how to correct a pigeon toed foot the Natural Balance shoe can be positioned in a way that the wear pattern of the shoe would be correct. The result is a foot with protection, stability, and ease of break over.
Now this is where the Farrier industry is still behind the learning curve. What's not being taught in the schools is the correct way to address pigeon toed horses. What is being taught in the schools will actually ruin a horse. Textbook information requires the Farrier to lower one side of the foot over the other to force the foot into a more conformational correct position. Problem with this is it forces twist and bind into the horses joint at the coffin bone and both pastern bones fostering a tremendous risk of lameness.
The blog posters comments are going in the right direction but lack the complete picture. It also reflects the Farrier industry/schools are not up to speed thereby the truth is not common place within the practice. The good news is the truth about the correct way to handle these problems is available. It's the result of years of scientific study and breakthrough understandings. If you are looking for the truth and the way to promise your horse it's safety and soundness you should seek the truth out. The very last thing horses deserve is permanent lameness due to our lack of education of horseshoeing.
Ask your Farrier or any Farrier how does he fix the condition of a horse being pigeon toed or toed out. If he or she tells you that it's an easy fix all that's necessary is to lower one side of the foot opposite the other side then you know you are putting your horse at risk and you are heading for trouble. You should seek out more information at that point.
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