Information on Plastic Horseshoes in Arizona
The Importance Of Horseshoes
Some recent and not so recent research has prompted my writing this article. Over the past two decades horseshoe manufactures have been inadvertently or perhaps purposely setting trends that could be proving to be detrimental to even those horses that go barefoot. You read it right; trend set by horseshoe manufacturers could have an effect on your barefoot horse. Not through their production of horseshoes, but rather by the style of shoes that they produce.
Thinking back to when I began as a farrier almost 25 years ago, I can remember making my weekly pilgrimage to the local farriers supply store to purchase the required horseshoe inventory to stock my shoeing truck for the week. I would calculate the number of pairs and the sizes I would need for the coming weeks' work. As my business increased, it became more difficult finding the time to make those weekly trips, and I soon found myself buying inventory for the month.
Establishing a horseshoe inventory was pretty straightforward. I, like most farriers at that time, would buy fullered, punched keg shoes by the case, in the most common sizes 00, 0, 1, 2, 3. The term keg shoe defines the most common of machine made horseshoes. The keg shoe comes in a generic oval shape and was called the "keg shoe" because they were originally shipped in kegs (barrels). This type of shoe almost always needed to be shaped to fit the hind or front foot of the horse. All too often the hurried farrier simply would spread, or close the shoe to fit a foot, and then shape the foot to the shoe., rather than the shoe to the foot.
This practice was likely the first in the beginning of what would become trend, started by the type of shoe that was available from a shoe manufacture. It was the shape of the early manufactured keg shoes where it all began, trend setting.
As new manufacturing techniques developed, manufactures began producing shoes in a variety of new shapes. The first new style shoes to be offered were front and hind pattern shoes which came out of Europe. American farriers who at the time were taking flack for setting the trend of long toe and low heels, this said to help increase stride, were quick to embrace this convenient way of addressing breakover. This ws the beginning of a new trend, ont that may prove to be just as damaging to today's horse as long toes and under run heels.
It was the hind pattern shoe that really changed things. The hind pattern shoe was the first readily available shoe to be offered with a square toe. Quickly manufacturers introduced hind shoes with ready-made side clips, and front shoes with toe clips. The front shoe pattern was often rounder than the standard keg shoe that many of the farriers were using at the time. This may have been why some farriers began using hind patterns on the fronts of the horse; this proving to be a simple way of providing a square toe to the front foot, making fitting easier.
Twenty years ago, the square toed horseshoe, was more often viewed as a remedial or corrective type horseshoe. It was not often used as a keg shoe. Prior to being able to purchase the square-toed shoe, the square toe needed to be forged.
Over about a ten year period pattern shoes flooded the market.
American based companies began producing front pattern shoes that were not as round as the European type pattern shoes. These new patterns more closely resembled the traditional keg shoe. With increase in production came price reductions, making it more economical to purchase clipped shoes, rather than forging them. In the mid nineties Eventer-type shoes were introduced. These pattern shoes had a rolled cross section, claiming to aid in breakover, they also came in front and hind patterns.
About the mid nineties, we say increase in the use of the Natural Balance Shoe (NBS), which was fashioned after the footprint of the feral horse. It too had square toe and came in front and hind patterns. Each time a new shoe was introduced, it was accompanied by claims that the shoe aided breakover, and / or provided needed heel support. This is still true today, of most newly developed horseshoes.
So where is all this going?
To the point, shoe manufacturers have been setting trends that influence the way the farrier addresses the foot.
Recently, I have compiled research on a little understood malady that affects many of today's horses, the black hole seedy toe.
Our research began in 2001, the opening of the International Institute of Equine Podiatry. Inc., since which time we have examined over 1200 hoof cadaver specimens. We observed a dramatic increase in the occurrence of black hole-type seedy toe. Investigation has now provided evidence that suggest that various trimming and shoeing trends could be that cause for this increase in the incidence of this malady.
Our research has shown that more often that not, the black hole is evidence of a Hyper Keratinized Horn mass, located at the creana marginalis of the coffin bone (seen as a notch in the coffin bone). One theory suggests that an abnormal increase in the size of the creana marginalis was likely due to a compromised blood supply. Further studies implicate that the cause of manifestation of the HKH mass at the site of the creana marginalis is stress.
Biopsies were taken from twenty (20) specimen masses and prepared for examination. Opinions gathered from several pathologists were unanimous; the HKH mass was the result of hyperplasia of epithelial cells with keratinization, this likely caused by stress.
Microphotographs of tissue samples from the masses often showed elongated secondary epidermal laminae (SEL); this occurrence has been associated with changes in response to stress.
Measurements were taken of the solar foot print of the twenty specimens from which the masses were harvested. This showed us that the greater the variance in balance, the larger the mass often appeared. The most widespread causes of imbalance were the under run heel, and the creation of excessively short breakover.
The research has allowed us to develop a number of hypotheses.
1. The theory that abnormal increases in the size of the creana marginalis of the coffin bone is the result of a compromised blood supply due to long toes is no longer tenable.
2. Research supports the theory that abnormal increases in the size of the creana marginalis may be nature's way of increasing surface area in response to increased stress.
3. Evidence supports the theory that stress and the resulting HKH mass is the cause of the enlargement of the creana marginalis of the coffin bone.
Our conclusion are that trends perpetuated by various shoe types and various trimming techniques proposed over the past decade, are responsible for an increase in the development of the HKH mass, and the resulting black hole seedy toe. The majority of the proposed techniques promote dramatic reduction in breakover, which can lead to improper positioning of the coffin bone within the hoof capsule. There are a number of factors that have surfaced, many of which are the result of improper trimming.
What this all means to those of you that have chosen to go shoeless with your horse, is that you should look more closely at the way your horse is being trimmed.
Here are some recommendations that may help in preventing mass growth, and may aid in stabilization of an existing condition.
- Aggressive rolling of the wall at the toe should be avoided. Avoid dubbing the wall or rockering of the toe into or palmar of the whiteline.
- Avoid ground parallel coffin bones.
- Do not lower the heels to the viable (live) sole at the angle of the bar/wall (often results in ground parallel coffin bone).
- Under run heels do not justify radical break over placement.
- Treating of black hole seedy toe with topical solutions or soaks will do little to remedy the problem.
- Balance should be addressed and any cause of stress relieved; this does not mean excessive removal of material at the toe.
This new evidence bring into question the Universal Sole Trim theory, Natural Balance trim, and any other method that may disrupt balance, causing stress at the site of the creana marginalis (tip of coffin bone).
There are far more studies to be done. Immunology studies are underway, and further research into the cause of the HKH mass is ongoing.
# 1 – What are Nanoflex Horseshoes, and how do they function?
Nanoflex Horseshoes are a shapable polyurethane straight glue on shoe that resembles the natural make-up as well as put on qualities of the hoof. Our footwear are commonly used in performance and also restorative situations as an alternative application with horses that become unresponsive to conventional shoeing techniques.
With their capability to resemble the technician residential or commercial properties of the foot – Nanoflex Horseshoes boost the feature of the hoof, instead of limiting it. This commonly leads to a much more comfortable equine with healthier development.
# 2 – What are the benefits of Nanoflex shoes?
Nanoflex footwear supply several advantages for the steed. Most typically, we listen to customers describing the shoes ability to operate as an all-natural extension of the unguis as the most desirable attribute. The direct glue application together with the shoe’s composition are thought to preserve the regular hoof features of assistance, traction, shock absorption as well as proprioception by bending with the unguis.
In our opinion, traditional adhesive on footwear over long term use tend to reverse the preliminary benefits attained because of the casting nature of an inflexible footwear. In contrast, our observations have found Nanoflex shoes to be successful for long term use and also appear to produce much healthier horn development.
# 3 – How much time will the Nanoflex shoes last?
Nanoflex Horseshoes are created to have the same or comparable life expectancy as typical footwear. We advise shoeing your horse according to the ordinary cycle of 4-6 weeks, based on their personal demands.
# 4 – Are Nanoflex footwear much more costly than conventional shoes?
Yes. The moment it takes to produce our shoes, in addition to the materials as well as craftsmanship required for the application procedure makes Nanoflex Horseshoes a true investment.
# 5 – What makes an equine an excellent prospect for Nanoflex horseshoes?
Under our “Shoes” tab, you will certainly find “Selecting A Candidate” alternative in the drop down menu. If you see this web page you will certainly find a comprehensive description of the 4 main factors we take into consideration before determining if a horse is a Nanoflex prospect.
Name: John Filipelli
Organization: Nanoflex, Inc.
Address: South Florida Trotting Center: 7563 State Road 7, Lake Worth FL 33449, USA
Phone: (954) 857-6337
Find Plastic Horseshoes in the State of Arizona
Where to find information about Plastic Horseshoes in Arizona
A Practical Guide to Using Horseshoe Studs
The standard farrier practice is to shoe a normal healthy horse every six to eight weeks. That periodicity takes into account primarily two things, shoe wear and hoof growth. A healthy hoof will grow at about the rate of a quarter inch a month. A quick bit of math that means in two months time the hoof growth will equal about one half inch. That is enough to get a horse out of "balance". Allowing the horse to go more than 60 days without being trimmed or reshod will probably begin to cause stress in the three distal phalanxes. The three foot bones, coffin bone, short pastern bone and long pastern bone carry a lot of weight. It is those three bones that are of the most concern. A hoofed allowed to grow past the normal shoeing interval can lead to dramatically poor performance, injuries or even diseases such as navicular. The best thing you can invest in for your horse is proper hoof care. No hoof, no horse.
There are alternatives to shoeing the horse all the time. The "new" natural "shoemanship" hoof technicians will only trim a horse. The horse is "trimmed" every couple of days to mimic the wear a horse in the wild would incur. The basic theory being if the coffin bone is kept at the constant proper natural angle, then the hoof sole can endure any terrain condition. I have read numerous studies and methods of natural shoeing and trimming and I believe this theory has a lot of merit. I have been using my 4 year old mare as a study specimen of natural trimming and I have never had a problem with her feet. Of course I have a luxury most people don't, I am a farrier, so the frequent rasping and trimming doesn't cost me anything. That would be hard sell to a client that I need to trim their horse every few days.
Here is my traditional view on horseshoeing: Not every horse needs to be shod. I like to think that a horse is very capable of going barefoot in most cases. In Xenophon's day they used to run horse through river pebble roads to harden their hoofs. Now Xenophon also said that looking that hoof was the first thing to do before buying the horse. If all horse buyers did that there would be a lot less hoof problems today. The average Mustang travels rocky and rough country averaging about 20 miles per day. I think a horse only needs shoes under the following circumstances:
- Shoes will increase the performance in a competing horse
- Shoes will correct a severe hoof or leg problem
- Shoes will provide protection to a horse exceeding the wear of his feet
As a general rule, horses requiring shoes will need to be shod anywhere between 4-8 to weeks depending on the hoof growth and the use of the horse. A healthy hoof grows approximately a 1/4 inch a month. Hoof growth depends on a few factors. Mainly use by the horse, this is a two way street. The more the hoof is used, the more blood flows to it and the more it grows. But you also need the proper terrain to wear the hoof down. Nutrition, protein is main property of the hoof. There are also a few other minerals. Remember a hoof is really nothing more than really hard hair. It is made of the exact same properties. So if you wouldn't do it to your hair don't do to your horse's hoof. Don't be fooled by advertisements, spend your money good quality feed and hay, not expensive supplements. In the winter months hoof growth may slow due to the horse using energy to stay warm. Genetics, don't breed or buy a horse with bad feet! The feet are the foundation of the horse. Just say "no" to bad hooves.
In abnormal hoof situations the shoeing periodicity may change dramatically. If a horse has laminitis or is foundered then you may have to play it by ear depending on if the horse begins to get better or get worse. The same would apply to a hoof injury or physical defect you may be trying to correct. Depending on the circumstances a person could be shoeing a certain horse every two weeks. Then exotic materials and techniques may be employed to allow for those complications.
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